Face recognition methods analysis

Shima Zarei(1*),

(1) Universita Degli Studi di Siena
(*) Corresponding Author


Face Recognition is one of the most important issues in Image processing tasks. It is important because it uses for various purposes in real world such as Criminal detection or for detecting fraud in passport and visa check in airports. Face book is a nice example of Face recognition application, when it sends notification to one user’s friends who are recognized by their images that user uploaded in face book page. To solve Face Recognition problem different methods are introduced such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Independent Component Analysis (ICA), Support Vector Machine (SVM), Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA), and Hidden Markov Models (HMM) which are explained and analyzed. Also algorithms like; Eigen face, Fisher face and Local Binary Pattern Histogram (LBPH) which are simplest and most accurate methods are implemented in this project for AT&T dataset to recognize the most similar face to other faces in this data set. To this end these algorithms are explained and advantages and disadvantages of each one are analyzed as well. Consequently, the best method is selected with comparison between the results of face reconstruction by Engine face, Fisher face and Local binary pattern histogram methods. In this project Eigen face method has best result. It should be noted that for implementing face recognition algorithms color map methods are used to distinguish the facial features more precisely. In this work Rainbow color map in Eigen Face algorithm and HSV color map in Fisher Face algorithm are utilized and results shows that HSV color map is more accurate than rainbow color map.


Face Recognition; Eigen Face; Fisher Face; LBPH; PCA

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